something interesting

<  BACK TO Market Analysis

 

Mind the large gap between expected spot performance and expected total return. This of course reflects the fact that running USD shorts most often (not vs AUD and USD) implies a cost of carry. For EUR/USD, for example, that cost is 1.9% over one year, the largest cost in more than ten years. This largely reflects the short-rate differential – but not just that: large deviations from covered interest rate parity have become a quasi permanent feature. Two recent BIS papers1 analyse that deviation, which is most directly observed in the large levels of the cross-currency bases. A key finding from the BIS is that banks are less keen to lend in USD to non-US borrowers in periods when the USD is strong.

Also, USD strength tends to imply a fall in international reserves, hence a diminishing supply of USD in global markets. All this creates USD scarcity, which is a major concern given the need for non-US borrowers to roll very large amounts of USD-denominated debt. The outstanding of USDdenominated credit to the rest of the world has more than doubled over the past ten years to nearly $10tn (Graph 7a). EM countries and corporations in particular have been keen to borrow in USD ($3.2tn, Graph 7b). The rising rates and stronger USD will make it tougher to repay or roll that debt. This will tend to fan the search for USD, or scarcity.

c44.PNG

Why does all that matter for currencies? Because such scarcity does impact spot rates. Graph 8, for example, shows the link between the 2y cross-currency basis USD-EUR and spot EUR/USD. This is not where our major concern is, given that ECB tapering in spring should keep that cross-currency basis in check (see our dedicated x-ccy section).

More generally, however, as the cost of hedging USD longs increases, the USD tends to be supported (Graph 10). We fear that cost will continue to increase in 2017 as the Fed raises rates and non-US borrowers struggle to roll their USD-denominated debt. This channel of transmission could make the USD strength self-sustained and eventually disruptive for global financial conditions.

Also, global USD strength tends to be associated with a rise in USD/CNY, as China targets the stability of the RMB basket (Graph 11). In late February 2016, the G20 sealed an (initially) secret deal to fight excessive USD strength – as it was becoming too disruptive indeed. We cannot exclude a repeat, yet we are concerned that the aggressive tone of a Trump administration, relative to both protectionism and isolationism, might make such a deal initially tougher to achieve, in which case we may see bouts of extreme USD strength into spring.

c45.PNG

Source: efxnews.com

 

Mind the large gap between expected spot performance and expected total return. This of course reflects the fact that running USD shorts most often (not vs AUD and USD) implies a cost of carry. For EUR/USD, for example, that cost is 1.9% over one year, the largest cost in more than ten years. This largely reflects the short-rate differential – but not just that: large deviations from covered interest rate parity have become a quasi permanent feature. Two recent BIS papers1 analyse that deviation, which is most directly observed in the large levels of the cross-currency bases. A key finding from the BIS is that banks are less keen to lend in USD to non-US borrowers in periods when the USD is strong.

Also, USD strength tends to imply a fall in international reserves, hence a diminishing supply of USD in global markets. All this creates USD scarcity, which is a major concern given the need for non-US borrowers to roll very large amounts of USD-denominated debt. The outstanding of USDdenominated credit to the rest of the world has more than doubled over the past ten years to nearly $10tn (Graph 7a). EM countries and corporations in particular have been keen to borrow in USD ($3.2tn, Graph 7b). The rising rates and stronger USD will make it tougher to repay or roll that debt. This will tend to fan the search for USD, or scarcity.

c44.PNG

Why does all that matter for currencies? Because such scarcity does impact spot rates. Graph 8, for example, shows the link between the 2y cross-currency basis USD-EUR and spot EUR/USD. This is not where our major concern is, given that ECB tapering in spring should keep that cross-currency basis in check (see our dedicated x-ccy section).

More generally, however, as the cost of hedging USD longs increases, the USD tends to be supported (Graph 10). We fear that cost will continue to increase in 2017 as the Fed raises rates and non-US borrowers struggle to roll their USD-denominated debt. This channel of transmission could make the USD strength self-sustained and eventually disruptive for global financial conditions.

Also, global USD strength tends to be associated with a rise in USD/CNY, as China targets the stability of the RMB basket (Graph 11). In late February 2016, the G20 sealed an (initially) secret deal to fight excessive USD strength – as it was becoming too disruptive indeed. We cannot exclude a repeat, yet we are concerned that the aggressive tone of a Trump administration, relative to both protectionism and isolationism, might make such a deal initially tougher to achieve, in which case we may see bouts of extreme USD strength into spring.

c45.PNG

Source: efxnews.com

lastest Articles

PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (21.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/JPY continues to move sideways below 125 handle ahead of ECB and BoJ
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY-21.01.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Weekly Results
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Strong US Data, Trade Solace, & Consistent Fed Speak Drive Strong Dollar and Risk Narrative
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Move the market
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Forex Today: Yen weaker amid US-China trade optimism, UK retail sales – Up next
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (17.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Going Broke
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 17.01.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (16.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: The fool
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
UK: On course for a hard Brexit?
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (15.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY-16.01.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
British pound volatile as Brexit-vote day arrives
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom:- Perfection
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (14.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (14.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY- 14.01.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Fed’s Dovishness Confirmed – Focus Shifts to Brexit and Earning Season
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Investing
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
USD/JPY - Fed Will Put Over-Valued USD/JPY In The Cross Hairs
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (10.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Do what you love
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
FOMC: Caution in mind
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (09.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: The goal
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY -09.01.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (08.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Opportunities...
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 08.01.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (07.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Markets Rise After Strong US Jobs Growth with Fed Talking Down Rate Hikes
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (03.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Accepting losses
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY-03.01.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (02.01.2019)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/JPY recovers large part of daily drop on improved sentiment, trades near 109.50
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: The Impossible
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 02.01.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Company News
Happy and Prosperous New Year
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Yearly Results - 2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Trade What’s Happening…
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
FX Today: Markets thin as the new year rolls around
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Dollar might face hard times in 2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Oil remains bid after inventories post small decline
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Never let a win go to your head, or a loss to your heart
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
EUR/USD eases from weekly tops, still well bid around mid-1.1400s ahead of German CPI
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Dollar slides versus haven currencies as equities renew selling
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Good Trading
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Fed projections are the problem
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom:The market is a device for transferring money from the impatient to the patient
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Japan’s Nikkei tumbles into a bear market after Wall Street’s latest slide
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Company News
Christmas And New Year Trading Schedule
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Take your profits
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Forex Today: Risk sentiment sees markets drifting mildly higher in the pre-Christmas wind-down
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Weekly Results
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Volatility and Risk Aversion Continue to Dominate December
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (20.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Company News
ONDA PAMM - Very Promising PAMM...Could it Be?!
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (18.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Cloudy Skies Remain For AUD/USD Into The Fed
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold retreats after being unable to break above $1250
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (17.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD May Struggle To Rally On Any Fed Dovishness
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD extends the bounce towards 1.1350
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Weekly Results
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Dollar Higher Ahead of Crucial Fed Meeting
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Control
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 14.12.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Risk Control
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (13.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Currencies struggle for direction despite Draghi and Trump comments
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY -13.12.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (12.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Company News
USD Bank Wire Notice
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
ECB will say goodbye to quantitative easing, but when will it hike rates?
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom:Knowing Your Self
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY- 12.12.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (11.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Personalizing Loses
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY-11.12.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (10.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY- 10.12.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Amateurs vs Professionals
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Forex Today: Risk-off extends into Asia, UK monthly GDP – key focus
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Company News
BREXIT - Margin Requirement
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: The Game
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Gold retreats from 5-week tops amid a modest USD rebound
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (04.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Company News
US National Mourning day Trading Schedule
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY- 04.12.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Keep it Simple
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Breaking: GBP/USD jumps on ECJ opinion that the UK can revoke Article 50 unilaterally
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Daily Results (03.12.2018)
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
GBP/USD fails to preserve gains, calms down below mid-1.27s
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Quips of Wisdom
Forex Trading Wisdom: Your Friend
https://en.gravatar.com/userimage/34011725/cac48086660b253b9c1e53a8b4a23604.png
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY- 03.12.2018
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
PAMM News
Managed Forex Accounts Weekly Results
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613