something interesting

<  BACK TO Mr. Markets

A week is a long-time in...everything

FOREX_Baking-blockchain_FXPIG_Mr-Markets-blog_FXPIG
The world is changing very fast

The last truly great Socialist Prime Minister in the UK, Harold Wilson, who was in office from 1964 to 1970 and from 1972 to 1974 uttered one of the most enduring quotable quotes by a British Politician. He said that “a week is a long time in politics”.

Had he still been alive today, he could have attributed the same sentiment to just about every facet of life. That is certainly true of finance and financial innovation although it may take some time for some of the new advances to finally be accepted.

I have always believed that everyone has a technological cut off point. My mothers’ was microwave ovens. She simply failed to grasp the concept, and this created something of a fire hazard that meant the microwave was quickly removed!

This rather long and contrived preamble leads me to my concerns over blockchain. I mostly get it but firmly believe that it will be the next generation who truly “get it” and more importantly use it. From what I understand, it could be revolutionary in so many ways and eventually be considered as important as the internet.

Of course, blockchain leads us on to cryptocurrency and back to Government. Sensible, unbiased studies need to be undertaken without any preconceived ideas about regulation or control to ensure that the public continue to be given the opportunity to benefit from innovation.

Cash? What’s that?

The investment made by the Bank of England in the new generation of banknotes will presumably be the last. It would be interesting to see the figures for use of cash over the past five years or so.

A couple of years ago, I was living in a small village and was asked to help out at a wedding that was taking place at the local church. I was asked to ferry some guests between the church and reception and next morning was asked to take them back to their cars. Four guests from London Insisted on paying me five pounds each for the service but they needed to find a cash machine as they “didn’t carry cash anymore”.

Cash is in itself becoming outmoded and as it does, again a generational thing, we won’t need fiat currencies.

The mind-boggling array of alternatives to cash where we can now use our smartphones, prepaid cards, even Paypal to move value mean that cash and therefore banks will fast become obsolete.

There is an interesting battle of wills now taking place within banks. They still see themselves as a traditional provider of financial services and obviously support Governmental concerns over regulation as without regulated markets banking collapses. But, they need to begin to embrace blockchain and cryptocurrency or they will find themselves way behind the curve in as little as five years’ time.

Crypto…. more than Bitcoin

All publicity is good publicity! Maybe, Maybe not.

In an episode of Showtime’s marvellous series “Billions” last week the main protagonist asked to be paid an illicit payment in Bitcoin. The clear inference was that Bitcoin is mainly used by criminals and those who wish to keep their financial dealings “under wraps”. To be honest though, don’t we all like to keep our financial dealings under wraps?

This is the clear defence being put up by the authorities to try to hold back the flood of interest in the use and development of cryptocurrencies.

Lack of control can be frightening, particularly to Governments, but a certain degree of control can be a good thing even in a growing market that glories in a lack of it.

As Mark Zuckerberg said (yes, I know, I have used this before), the time for a yes or no on regulation has passed, it is what type of regulation is needed that is now the question.

The man in the street remains totally indifferent when it comes to cryptocurrency and that is why he has only heard of Bitcoin and then only bad things. Until there is “official” recognition of the benefits of a deregulated (not unregulated) market, progress and acceptance will be slow, painful and limited to a few enlightened souls.

The world is changing very fast

The last truly great Socialist Prime Minister in the UK, Harold Wilson, who was in office from 1964 to 1970 and from 1972 to 1974 uttered one of the most enduring quotable quotes by a British Politician. He said that “a week is a long time in politics”.

Had he still been alive today, he could have attributed the same sentiment to just about every facet of life. That is certainly true of finance and financial innovation although it may take some time for some of the new advances to finally be accepted.

I have always believed that everyone has a technological cut off point. My mothers’ was microwave ovens. She simply failed to grasp the concept, and this created something of a fire hazard that meant the microwave was quickly removed!

This rather long and contrived preamble leads me to my concerns over blockchain. I mostly get it but firmly believe that it will be the next generation who truly “get it” and more importantly use it. From what I understand, it could be revolutionary in so many ways and eventually be considered as important as the internet.

Of course, blockchain leads us on to cryptocurrency and back to Government. Sensible, unbiased studies need to be undertaken without any preconceived ideas about regulation or control to ensure that the public continue to be given the opportunity to benefit from innovation.

Cash? What’s that?

The investment made by the Bank of England in the new generation of banknotes will presumably be the last. It would be interesting to see the figures for use of cash over the past five years or so.

A couple of years ago, I was living in a small village and was asked to help out at a wedding that was taking place at the local church. I was asked to ferry some guests between the church and reception and next morning was asked to take them back to their cars. Four guests from London Insisted on paying me five pounds each for the service but they needed to find a cash machine as they “didn’t carry cash anymore”.

Cash is in itself becoming outmoded and as it does, again a generational thing, we won’t need fiat currencies.

The mind-boggling array of alternatives to cash where we can now use our smartphones, prepaid cards, even Paypal to move value mean that cash and therefore banks will fast become obsolete.

There is an interesting battle of wills now taking place within banks. They still see themselves as a traditional provider of financial services and obviously support Governmental concerns over regulation as without regulated markets banking collapses. But, they need to begin to embrace blockchain and cryptocurrency or they will find themselves way behind the curve in as little as five years’ time.

Crypto…. more than Bitcoin

All publicity is good publicity! Maybe, Maybe not.

In an episode of Showtime’s marvellous series “Billions” last week the main protagonist asked to be paid an illicit payment in Bitcoin. The clear inference was that Bitcoin is mainly used by criminals and those who wish to keep their financial dealings “under wraps”. To be honest though, don’t we all like to keep our financial dealings under wraps?

This is the clear defence being put up by the authorities to try to hold back the flood of interest in the use and development of cryptocurrencies.

Lack of control can be frightening, particularly to Governments, but a certain degree of control can be a good thing even in a growing market that glories in a lack of it.

As Mark Zuckerberg said (yes, I know, I have used this before), the time for a yes or no on regulation has passed, it is what type of regulation is needed that is now the question.

The man in the street remains totally indifferent when it comes to cryptocurrency and that is why he has only heard of Bitcoin and then only bad things. Until there is “official” recognition of the benefits of a deregulated (not unregulated) market, progress and acceptance will be slow, painful and limited to a few enlightened souls.

lastest Articles

Market Analysis
GBP: Guided by the UK politics
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/JPY: Back under pressure
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 18.07.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold technical analysis: Bears challenge a key pivotal support near $1400 mark
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 17.07.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/JPY recovers from lows, back around 121.40
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Canada: Housing data in focus
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 15.07.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR: ECB-related uncertainty lingers
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/CAD Canadian Dollar Higher as Dollar Faced Fed Cut Pressure
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD: Less of a safe haven now - ING
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 12.07.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
BOE’s Vlieghe: BOE may need to raise rates if inflation expectations are deanchored by a no-deal Brexit
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold technical analysis: Set-up remains in favour of bullish traders, dip-buying to help the downside
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD - 11.07.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Bank Of England Sees Significant Market Volatility In Disorderly Brexit
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold steadily climbs to session tops, farther beyond $1400 handle
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 08.07.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Today: USD looking strong, Turkish lira plunges, new trade tensions arise
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
King Dollar’s reign could end on Powell’s testimony and trade war progress
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD at the crossroads - ING
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Oil: Prices likely to rebound this year – Danske Bank
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
US: Payrolls likely to increase 150k in June - TDS
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
RBA: More rate cuts to come? - Westpac
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
ECB’s Lane: No comments on monetary policy
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold slips back closer to overnight swing low, below $1415 level
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD Technical Analysis: Further downside should test the 100-day SMA at 1.1259
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
RBA delivers consecutive cuts - TDS
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 02.07.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/CAD Canadian Dollar Rises on Rate Divergence With Fed
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
G20 meeting: Trump and Xi meeting in focus - Westpac
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/JPY: Market stays immediately offered
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/CAD struggles below 1.3100 handle, fresh multi-month lows
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold climbs to weekly tops, around $1338 level
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 13.06.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
UK PM Candidate Javid: My absolute priority is to deliver a Brexit deal
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
US: Damage already done from the Mexico tariff threat? – ABN AMRO
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY -12.06.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Preview: Draghi’s speech at ECB conference on CESEE in Frankfurt
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
OPEC+ and global supply risks to put a floor in crude markets - TDS
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold slips to 1-week low, below $1325 level amid fading safe-haven demand
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
FOREX Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY -11.06.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Obsessed
This Time It's Different
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EU Commissioner Moscovici: EU still has risks to monitor, including Brexit and Italy’s finances
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold drops to multi-day lows, around $1325 level
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 10.06.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/CAD Canadian Dollar Higher After US and Canadian Jobs Report
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
ECB's Vasiliauskas: Inflation outlook is 'not bad'
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
BOJ: Expect further easing in September – JP Morgan
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD flirting with daily lows near 1.1260
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
ECB and Eurozone GDP amongst market movers today – Danske Bank
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD: Downtrend eroded? - Commerzbank
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
FOMC: July meeting priced in for 21bps of cuts – Deutsche Bank
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD firmer, approaches 1.1300 ahead of US ADP
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
ECB: Tweak in policy rate forward guidance?
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD: Further selling? – Danske Bank
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold jumps to over 3-month tops, around $1330 area
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/GBP could move towards 0.9 – Danske Bank
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Market Death by Tariffs; Safe-Havens Reign Supreme
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD holds steady near 1.1135 amid falling German yields
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 31.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold technical analysis: Bulls challenge 100-hour SMA/38.2% Fibo. confluence resistance
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
BoE's Ramsden: Little more pessimistic about the GDP growth that the latest BoE forecasts
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 30.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/JPY climbs to 1-week tops, 110.00 mark back on sight
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD Technical Analysis: Rising bets for another test of 2019 lows near 1.1100
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 29.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold rallies to session tops, around $1285 level amid reviving safe-haven demand
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD remains under pressure around 1.1180
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Forex Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 28.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/JPY treads water near 109.50 amid negative Treasury yields
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
GBP/JPY technical analysis: Hangs near multi-month lows, bears eyeing a break below mid-138.00s
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/CAD ticks higher to mid-1.3400s amid weaker Oil prices
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD unable to gather traction above 1.1200
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
May’s Resignation means Brexit is Back to Square One
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 24.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
GBP/USD clings to modest recovery gains, 1.2700 mark back on sight post-UK data
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD Technical Analysis: Interim resistance emerges at the 55-day SMA at 1.1236
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold in search of a firm direction, holds steady near $1275 area
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD remains under pressure near 1.1150 post-German GDP
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 22.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
FOMC Minutes to portray a cautious tone
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
GBP/USD technical analysis: Hammered down to 4-1/2 lows, vulnerable to test 1.2600 mark
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY -21.02.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
RBA: Rate cut in June and August?
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD resumes the downside near 1.1150 ahead of ECB, data
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
ECB's de Cos: European financial system remains fragile
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/JPY remains sidelined below the 123.00 handle
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD seen at 1.15 in 6-month – Danske Bank
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/CAD Canadian Dollar Lower Despite Reaching Tariff Agreement With US
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 17.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Gold drops to session lows, retreats further below $1300 mark
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD: Short-term consolidation?
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
JPY futures: room for further depreciation
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
USD/TRY edging higher, approaches the 6.10 area
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
AUD/USD technical analysis: Bears flirting with 1-week old descending trend-channel support
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
Tech Targets: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD, USD/JPY - 14.05.2019
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
GBP/USD keeps the red below mid-1.2900s, 2-week lows post-UK jobs data
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD Technical Analysis: Recent tops and the 55-day SMA keeps limiting extra gains
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613
Market Analysis
EUR/USD: Balance of risks still favour 1.10 in 2Q19
https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/b23a9c274f4a28b6ab7acddb98b80613